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FAQ

Welcome to our Patient Frequently Asked Question's section. We will be continually updating this section so check back frequently.

If you have a question that is not listed below, please contact us and someone will respond as soon as possible.

What is Pathology?
What is a Pathologist?
What is Anatomical Pathology?
What is a Biopsy?
Are there different types of Biopsies? What are the types?
What are the most common biopsy sites?
What is done with a biopsy after it is removed from the body?
What is Cancer?
What are Gynecological Cancers?
What is a Tumor?
What does it mean when a tumor is Benign?
What does it mean when a tumor is Malignant?
What does it mean when a tumor has Metastasis?
What does grading of a tumor mean?
What are the types of Cancer treatment?
What does Remission mean?
What does Relapse mean?

What is Pathology?
Pathology is the study of disease. It is the medical science that focuses on the nature, cause and development of abnormal conditions.

What is a Pathologist?
A pathologist is a physician who has completed additional medical training to become an expert in disease diagnosis and treatment.

What is Anatomical Pathology?
It is the study of organs and tissues to determine the cause and effects of disease on the structure of the body.

What is a Biopsy?
A biopsy is a procedure performed to obtain tissue or cells from the body for microscopic examination.

Are there different types of Biopsies? What are the types?
Yes. Depending on the type of specimen needed, there are different types of biopsies each with different procedures.

Biopsy Types:

Excisional Biopsy: Entire removal of tumor. Preferred if melanoma is suspected.
Incisional Biopsy: Portion of the tumor is removed.
Aspiration (FNA): A thin needle is used to remove very small pieces of the tumor or fluid from the body.
Punch Biopsy: Deep sample of skin, removed with a short cylinder like instrument: Removal of the top layers of skin by shaving it off.
Skin Biopsy: Small sample of skin.

What are the most common biopsy sites?
Bone Marrow
Breast
Gastrointestinal tract
Kidney
Liver
Lung
Lymph nodes
Skin
Thyroid
Brain

What is done with a biopsy after it is removed from the body?
Biopsies are processed in a Histology laboratory for microscopic review. Click here to see how a slide is made

What is Cancer?
There are many types of cancer, the term cancer is generic for any kind of malignant tumor.

What are Gynecological Cancers?
Cancers of a women's reproductive organs.

What is a Tumor?
A tumor is a swelling or enlargement occurring in inflammatory conditions; A new growth of tissue characterized by progressive, uncontrolled proliferation of cells.

What does it mean when a tumor is Benign?
Non-cancerous; possibly abnormal, but not harmful.

What does it mean when a tumor is Malignant?
Cancerous; harmful and requires treatment.

What does it mean when a tumor has Metastasis?
Spreading of a malignant tumor to a secondary location.

What does grading of a tumor mean?
Microscopic evaluation of a tumor's appearance to determine the area it has spread to.

What does staging of a tumor mean?
System used to evaluate the extent of the spreading.

What are the types of Cancer treatment?
Surgery, Radiation Therapy, Chemotherapy, Biological Therapy

What does Remission mean?
Symptoms of the disease are lessening.

What does Relapse mean?
The return of disease symptoms.

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